Guidelines for reporting research

A quick blog this week as I’m in the midst of lots of teaching & grant writing! On this week’s teaching agenda I’ve got research reporting, research presentation skills, in vitro, in vivo, and in silico research, acute & chronic inflammation, image analysis and drug efficacy. I thought I’d share with you some of the resources we are using in one of these lessons (not compiled by me), as frankly – they’re quite useful!

Research reporting – something we all need to get right!

According the declaration of Helsinki, researchers and authors have a duty to make their results available publicly using accepted guidelines for ethical reporting.

Naturally we’ll be teaching our students general tips on which types of content should be included in the different sections of a general research paper. We also discuss why it’s important to report our research fully, and what can go wrong when we don’t!

We also give the students a list of guidelines for specific types of research reports. Some of these are slightly peripheral to my own research interests, and I found them quite interesting, so I thought you might too! If you’re new to research reporting, perhaps a bit rusty, or trying to remember one of those many many reporting acronyms, then here’s an overview that might be helpful for you.

EQUATOR have also developed a wizard that can be useful to help decide on how to report your research. This tool asks what type of research you are conducting, and identifies useful checklists to make sure you are include the required information in your report:

The list! (Courtesy of Prof Kurinchi Gurusamy):

•Consolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT)
–Design, analysis and interpretation of the RCT.

•Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)
–Reporting of observational studies

•Standards for Reporting Studies of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD)
–Reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies

•Quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS 2)
–Quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies

•Transparent Reporting of a multivariable prediction model for Individual Prognosis Or
Diagnosis (TRIPOD)
–Reporting of prediction models

•Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS)
–Reporting practices for economic evaluations of interventional studies

•Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ)
–Reporting of qualitative data from interviews and focus groups

•Standards for reporting qualitative research: a synthesis of recommendations (SRQR)
–Reporting of qualitative data

•Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline Development (CARE)
–Reporting of case reports

•Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE)
–Reporting of quality improvement in health care

•Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)
–Reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses

•Enhancing transparency in reporting the synthesis of qualitative research (ENTREQ)
–Reporting of systematic reviews of qualitative research

•Animals in Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE)
–Reporting of animal research

•Statistical Analyses and Methods in the Published Literature (SAMPL)
–Reporting of statistical methods and analyses of all types of biomedical research

Hopefully you’ll find this list as handy as I did – many thanks to Prof Gurusamy for compiling it & hopefully you’ll forgive the short blog this week – I’m off to continue my grant!!

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